Wildlife management, population control and wildlife conservation are euphemisms for killing — hunting, trapping and fishing for fun. A percentage of the wild animal population is specifically mandated to be killed. Hunting has contributed to the historical extinction of animal species all over the world, including the Southern Appalachian birds, the passenger pigeon and the Carolina parakeet the only member of the parrot family native to the eastern United States , the eastern elk, the eastern cougar, the Tasmanian tiger and the great auk.
This selective mis-management, with its exclusive focus on numbers to be killed, ignores the science that shows that nonhumans, just like humans, have similar capabilities to experience emotions, and have families and other social associations built on multi-leveled relationships. While hunters and so-called wildlife professionals pretend to have control over ecosystems and the animals they kill, natural predators such as wolves, mountain lions and bears are the real ecosystem managers, if allowed to survive naturally. For instance, the reintroduction of wolves to Yellowstone National Park caused ripple effects throughout the ecosystem, with an increase in biodiversity, including a higher occurrence of beavers, several bird and plant species, and natural habitat and stream recovery.
Before you support a wildlife or conservation group, ask about its position on hunting and trapping. If you are a student of environmental studies, conservation and natural resource management or wildlife biology, challenge the concept of hunting as the foundation for wildlife conservation and management. Speak up, write letters and comments, and encourage others to do the same. Join or form an anti-hunting organization and help spread the word about the injustice done against wild animals by hunters and state wildlife agencies.
Wild and Free home. Hunting — the murderous business Hunting may have played an important role, next to plant gathering and scavenging, for human survival in prehistoric times, but the vast majority of modern hunters in developed countries stalk and kill animals for recreation. Hunting is Not Conservation Wildlife management, population control and wildlife conservation are euphemisms for killing — hunting, trapping and fishing for fun. Dogs today are used to find, chase, retrieve, and sometimes to kill the game. Hunting dogs allow humans to pursue and kill prey that would otherwise be very difficult or dangerous to hunt.
Different breeds of dogs are used for different types of hunting. Waterfowl are commonly hunted using retrieving dogs such as the Labrador Retriever , the Golden Retriever , the Chesapeake Bay Retriever , the Brittany Spaniel , and other similar breeds. Game birds are flushed out using flushing spaniels such as the English Springer Spaniel , the various Cocker Spaniels and similar breeds.
The Main Arguments for and Against Hunting
The hunting of wild mammals in England and Wales with dogs was banned under the Hunting Act The wild mammals include fox, hare, deer and mink. Hunting with dogs is permissible, however, where it has been carried out in accordance with one of the exceptions in the Act. Many prehistoric deities are depicted as predators or prey of humans, often in a zoomorphic form, perhaps alluding to the importance of hunting for most Palaeolithic cultures. In many pagan religions, specific rituals are conducted before or after a hunt; the rituals done may vary according to the species hunted or the season the hunt is taking place.
Hindu scriptures describe hunting as an acceptable occupation, as well as a sport of the kingly. Even figures considered divine are described to have engaged in hunting. One of the names of the god Shiva is Mrigavyadha, which translates as "the deer hunter" mriga means deer; vyadha means hunter. The word Mriga , in many Indian languages including Malayalam, not only stands for deer, but for all animals and animal instincts Mriga Thrishna. Shiva, as Mrigavyadha, is the one who destroys the animal instincts in human beings.
In the epic Ramayana , Dasharatha , the father of Rama , is said to have the ability to hunt in the dark. During one of his hunting expeditions, he accidentally killed Shravana , mistaking him for game. During Rama's exile in the forest, Ravana kidnapped his wife, Sita , from their hut, while Rama was asked by Sita to capture a golden deer, and his brother Lakshman went after him.
According to the Mahabharat , Pandu , the father of the Pandavas , accidentally killed the sage Kindama and his wife with an arrow, mistaking them for a deer. Krishna is said to have died after being accidentally wounded by an arrow of a hunter. Jainism teaches followers to have tremendous respect for all of life. Prohibitions for hunting and meat eating are the fundamental conditions for being a Jain. Buddhism's first precept is the respect for all sentient life. The general approach by all Buddhists is to avoid killing any living animals.
Buddha explained the issue by saying "all fear death; comparing others with oneself, one should neither kill nor cause to kill. In Sikhism , only meat obtained from hunting, or slaughtered with the Jhatka is permitted. Many old Sikh Rehatnamas like Prem Sumarag , recommend hunting wild boar and deer. However, among modern Sikhs, the practise of hunting has died down; some even saying that all meat is forbidden.
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From early Christian times, hunting has been forbidden to Roman Catholic Church clerics. Thus the Corpus Juris Canonici C. XXIV, De reform. Ferraris s. Ziegler, however De episc. IV, c. II, c.
In practice, therefore, the synodal statutes of various localities must be consulted to discover whether they allow quiet hunting or prohibit it altogether. It is important to note that most Christian, do not observe kosher dietary laws hence most Christian have no religious restrictions on eating the animals hunted. This is in accord with what is found in the Acts of the Apostles —29, and 1 Timothy In Jewish law hunting is not forbidden although there is an aversion to it.
The great 18th-century authority Rabbi Yechezkel Landau after a study concluded although "hunting would not be considered cruelty to animals insofar as the animal is generally killed quickly and not tortured There is an unseemly element in it, namely cruelty. Islamic Sharia Law permits hunting of lawful animals and birds if they cannot be easily caught and slaughtered.
New Zealand has a strong hunting culture. However, when humans arrived they brought other species with them. Polynesian voyagers introduced kuri dogs , kiore Polynesian rats , as well as a range of plant species. European explorers further added to New Zealand's biota, particularly pigs which were introduced by either Captain Cook or the French explorer De Surville in the s. The societies introduced a large number of species with no use other than as prey for hunting. With wilderness areas, suitable forage, and no natural predators, their populations exploded.
Government agencies view the animals as pests due to their effects on the natural environment and on agricultural production, but hunters view them as a resource. During the feudal and colonial times in British India , hunting was regarded as a regal sport in the numerous princely states , as many maharajas and nawabs , as well as British officers, maintained a whole corps of shikaris big-game hunters , who were native professional hunters.
They would be headed by a master of the hunt, who might be styled mir-shikar. Often, they recruited the normally low-ranking local tribes because of their traditional knowledge of the environment and hunting techniques. Big game, such as Bengal tigers , might be hunted from the back of an elephant. Regional social norms are generally antagonistic to hunting, while a few sects , such as the Bishnoi , lay special emphasis on the conservation of particular species, such as the antelope.
India's Wildlife Protection Act of bans the killing of all wild animals.
Hunting Essay Examples
However, the Chief Wildlife Warden may, if satisfied that any wild animal from a specified list has become dangerous to human life, or is so disabled or diseased as to be beyond recovery, permit any person to hunt such an animal. In this case, the body of any wild animal killed or wounded becomes government property. A safari, from a Swahili word meaning "a long journey", especially in Africa, is defined as an overland journey.
Nowadays, it is often used to describe tours through African national parks to watch or hunt wildlife. Hunters are usually tourists, accompanied by licensed and highly regulated professional hunters, local guides, skinners , and porters in more difficult terrains. A special safari type is the solo-safari, where all the license acquiring, stalking, preparation, and outfitting is done by the hunter himself.
Unarmed fox hunting on horseback with hounds is the type of hunting most closely associated with the United Kingdom; in fact, "hunting" without qualification implies fox hunting. What in other countries is called "hunting" is called "shooting" birds or "stalking" deer in Britain. Originally a form of vermin control to protect livestock, fox hunting became a popular social activity for newly wealthy upper classes in Victorian times and a traditional rural activity for riders and foot followers alike.
Similar to fox hunting in many ways is the chasing of hares with hounds. Pairs of Sight hounds or long-dogs , such as greyhounds , may be used to pursue a hare in coursing, where the greyhounds are marked as to their skill in coursing the hare but are not intended to actually catch it , or the hare may be pursued with scent hounds such as beagles or harriers.
Other sorts of foxhounds may also be used for hunting stags deer or mink. Deer stalking with rifles is carried out on foot without hounds, using stealth. These forms of hunting have been controversial in the UK.
Animal welfare supporters believe that hunting causes unnecessary suffering to foxes, horses, and hounds. Proponents argue that it is culturally and perhaps economically important. Using dogs to chase wild mammals was made illegal in February by the Hunting Act ; there were a number of exemptions under which the activity may not be illegal in the act for hunting with hounds, but no exemptions at all for hare-coursing.
Game birds, especially pheasants , are shot with shotguns for sport in the UK; the British Association for Shooting and Conservation says that over a million people per year participate in shooting, including game shooting, clay pigeon shooting , and target shooting. Shoots can be elaborate affairs with guns placed in assigned positions and assistants to help load shotguns. When in position, "beaters" move through the areas of cover, swinging sticks or flags to drive the game out.
Such events are often called "drives". The definition of game in the United Kingdom is governed by the Game Act A similar tradition exists in Spain. North American hunting pre-dates the United States by thousands of years and was an important part of many pre-Columbian Native American cultures. Native Americans retain some hunting rights and are exempt from some laws as part of Indian treaties and otherwise under federal law —examples include eagle feather laws and exemptions in the Marine Mammal Protection Act.
This is considered particularly important in Alaskan native communities.
Hunting is primarily regulated by state law ; additional regulations are imposed through United States environmental law in the case of migratory birds and endangered species.